Architecture

Looking to extend your instance of the OHIF Viewer? Want learn how to reuse a portion of the Viewer in your own application? Or maybe you want to get involved and draft or suggest a new feature? Regardless, you're in the right place!

The OHIF Viewer aims to be decoupled, configurable, and extensible; while this allows our code to be used in more ways, it also increases complexity. Below, we aim to demistify that complexity by providing insight into how our Viewer is architected, and the role each of it's dependent libraries plays.

Overview

The OHIF Medical Image Viewing Platform is maintained as a [monorepo][monorepo]. This means that this repository, instead of containing a single project, contains many projects. If you explore our project structure, you'll see the following:

.
├── extensions
│   ├── _example            # Skeleton of example extension
│   ├── cornerstone         # 2D images w/ Cornerstone.js
│   ├── dicom-html          # Structured Reports as HTML in viewport
│   ├── dicom-microscopy    # Whole slide microscopy viewing
│   ├── dicom-pdf           # View DICOM wrapped PDFs in viewport
│   └── vtk                 # MPR and Volume support w/ VTK.js
│
├── platform
│   ├── core                # Business Logic
│   ├── i18n                # Internationalization Support
│   ├── ui                  # React component library
│   └── viewer              # Connects platform and extension projects
│
├── ...                     # misc. shared configuration
├── lerna.json              # MonoRepo (Lerna) settings
├── package.json            # Shared devDependencies and commands
└── README.md

Continue reading to see how these libraries work together to create the OHIF Viewer.

Business Logic

The @ohif/core project offers pre-packaged solutions for features common to Web-based medical imaging viewers. For example:

  • Hotkeys
  • DICOM Web requests
  • Hanging Protocols
  • Managing a study's measurements
  • Managing a study's DICOM metadata
  • A flexible pattern for extensions
  • And many others

It does this while remaining decoupled from any particular view library or rendering logic. While we use it to power our React Viewer, it can be used with Vue, React, Vanilla JS, or any number of other frameworks.

React Component Library

@ohif/ui is a React Component library that contains the reusable components that power the OHIF Viewer. It allows us to build, compose, and test components in isolation; easing the development process by reducing the need to stand-up a local PACS with test case data.

Extension authors can also use these same components when building their extension's UI; allowing for a consistent look and feel with the rest of the application.

Check out our component library!

Internationalization (i18n)

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The Viewer

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Extensions & Configuration

While OHIF maintains several high value and commonly requested features in its own extensions, there are many instances where one may wish to further extend the viewer. Some common use cases include:

  • Adding AI/ML tools and insights
  • Custom workflows for guided diagnosis
  • Collecting specific annotations for training data or reports
  • Authentication and granular permissions
  • Teleconsultation workflow, image comments, and tracking
  • Adding surgical templating tools and reports
  • and many others

We expose common integration points via extensions to make this possible. The viewer and many of our own extensions also offer configuration. For a list of extensions maintained by OHIF, check out this helpful table.

If you find yourself thinking "I wish the Viewer could do X", and you can't accomplish it with an extension today, create a GitHub issue! We're actively looking for ways to improve our extensibility ^_^

Click here to read more about extensions!

Diagram

This diagram is a conceptual illustration of how the Viewer is architected.

  1. (optional) extensions can be registered with @ohif/core's extension manager
  2. @ohif/core provides bussiness logic and a way for @ohif/viewer to access registered extensions
  3. The @ohif/viewer composes and provides data to components from our component library (@ohif/ui)
  4. The @ohif/viewer can be built and served as a stand-alone PWA, or as an embeddable package (@ohif/viewer)

Architecture Diagram

architecture diagram

Common Questions

When should I use the packaged source @ohif/viewer versus building a PWA from the source?

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Can I create my own Viewer using Vue.js or Angular.js?

You can, but you will not be able to leverage as much of the existing code and components. @ohif/core could still be used for business logic, and to provide a model for extensions. @ohif/ui would then become a guide for the components you would need to recreate.

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